Understanding Advanced Techniques in Badminton: Beginner’s Guide

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Learning advanced badminton techniques may seem intimidating for beginners, but breaking them down into simplified steps can help you master the sport more efficiently. 

Badminton, like any other sport, requires dedication, practice, and understanding of its fundamental techniques. 

Focusing on the basics and gradually implementing advanced strategies, beginners can steadily improve their skills and progress to a higher level of play.

The sport of badminton relies on agility, quick reflexes, and strategic thinking, which will develop with time and practice.

It is essential to get comfortable with the essential equipment – a racket, shuttlecock, and badminton court – in order to build the foundation for learning advanced techniques. 

Additionally, maintaining good physical fitness plays a key role in improving one’s performance in badminton.

Understanding the rules and scoring system is crucial for any beginner as it helps in developing a strong grasp on strategy and tactics when playing the game. 

By regularly practicing your skills and seeking guidance from experienced players, you can enhance your techniques and eventually become adept at advanced badminton strategies.

Key Takeaways

  • Build your skills by starting with basic techniques and progressing to advanced strategies.
  • Physical fitness and understanding of equipment are crucial for improvement in badminton.
  • Learn the rules and scoring system to develop a strong foundation for strategy and tactics.

Understanding the Sport

History and Importance

In the world of sports, badminton holds a unique place due to its rich history and importance. 

The sport has its roots in ancient civilizations, with a modern version of the game emerging in the 19th century. 

Today, the Badminton World Federation (BWF) governs the sport worldwide, striving to promote the game and its values.

As a beginner, I find it critical to dive into badminton’s historical context and understand its significance. 

This grasp of knowledge motivates me and helps me appreciate the sport, the efforts of the BWF, and my role as a player.

Understanding the Game

Badminton is a captivating sport, and to play it skillfully, I invest my time in comprehending its basic structure and rules.

Two or four players compete on a court, aiming to score points by striking a shuttlecock with their rackets, sending it over the net to the opponent’s side.

To enhance my understanding of the game, I keep these essential points in mind:

  • Objective: The goal is to score 21 points before the opponent. However, a player must have a two-point lead to win the game. If the score reaches 29-all, the first player to score 30 points wins.
  • Serving: Serves must be made diagonally across the court and underhand. Only the serving side can score a point.
  • Rallies: The rally continues until a fault occurs or the shuttlecock touches the surface of the court.
  • Boundaries: The court boundaries differ for singles and doubles matches. Being aware of the demarcation lines keeps me from losing points by hitting the shuttlecock out of bounds.
  • Faults: Common faults include hitting the shuttlecock into the net, out of bounds, or committing a serving error. Familiarizing myself with fault rules helps maintain fair gameplay.

Recognizing the critical aspects of the game, I continue learning and practicing my skills in badminton.

With perseverance and dedication, I aim to embrace the advanced techniques that will elevate my game to new heights.

The Equipment

The Racket

When it comes to badminton equipment, the first thing that comes to my mind is the racket. A good racket can make a huge difference in your performance and overall experience. 

Beginners might prefer a lightweight racket, as it offers better control and maneuverability. 

As you progress, you can invest in a slightly heavier racket with a stiffer frame for increased power.

Make sure the grip size is comfortable for your hand, as this will affect your handling and control. 

Also, pay attention to the string tension; a higher tension offers more precision and control, while a lower tension provides increased power.

The Shuttlecock

Next up is the shuttlecock, also known as the birdie. There are two main types: feathered and plastic. 

Feathered shuttlecocks are generally more accurate and have a more consistent flight trajectory. 

However, they tend to wear out faster and might not be the best choice for beginners due to their fragility.

On the other hand, plastic shuttlecocks are more durable and budget-friendly, making them ideal for those starting out in badminton. 

Just beware that they may not offer the same level of control and precision as their feathered counterparts.

Sportswear and Shoes

Proper sportswear and shoes are essential for ensuring safety, comfort, and freedom of movement. Make sure to wear clothes that allow for easy movement and proper ventilation. 

Your shoes should provide enough cushioning, stability, and support to protect your feet during the games. 

Non-marking rubber soles are ideal for badminton, as they provide good traction on the court and won’t leave unsightly marks.

Playing Court

Finally, let’s talk about the playing court. A standard badminton court is made of a flat and non-slippery surface, typically a wooden floor or a synthetic badminton mat. 

The court is divided into two equal halves by a net, with boundary lines indicating the singles and doubles playing areas.

A few key measurements to remember:

  • Full court: 20 ft wide (doubles) and 44 ft long
  • Singles court: 17 ft wide
  • Doubles service court: 10 ft by 20 ft
  • Short service line: 6.1 ft from the net

Being familiar with these dimensions and boundary lines will help improve your understanding of the game, allowing for better strategy and decision-making on the court.

Importance of Physical Fitness

Running and Jogging

For beginners like me, understanding the importance of physical fitness is crucial in badminton. 

I’ve found that incorporating running and jogging into my routine can significantly impact my stamina levels.

These activities help build my leg muscles and improve my cardiovascular endurance, allowing me to cover the court more efficiently during games.

I usually opt for a mix of short-distance sprints and steady-paced jogs, as they enhance both my explosive power and aerobic capacity. 

Running uphill is also a great option, as it allows me to simulate on-court movement patterns and boost my agility.

Skipping and Other Exercises

Besides running and jogging, I also include skipping in my workout routine. Skipping builds my calf muscles, strengthens my ankles, and boosts my overall agility on the court. 

Additionally, incorporating other exercises like jumping jacks, burpees, and planks helps build my core strength and muscle stability.

Here are some of the exercises I follow:

  • Skipping: 3 sets x 2 minutes
  • Jumping jacks: 3 sets x 20 reps
  • Burpees: 3 sets x 10 reps
  • Planks: 3 sets x 30 seconds

Paying attention to my physical fitness has greatly benefited my badminton skills. 

By dedicating time to stamina-building exercises like jogging, running, and skipping, I have seen improvements in my on-court performance and overall strength. 

Building a strong foundation of physical fitness is essential for any beginner looking to excel in badminton.

Basic Techniques for Beginners

The Grip

As a beginner, getting the right grip on the racket is important. There are two main grips you should know about the forehand grip and the backhand grip. 

For the forehand grip, hold the racket as if you’re shaking hands with it, making sure your index finger is in a “V” shape with your thumb.

For the backhand grip, rotate your grip counterclockwise so that your thumb is on the wider part of the handle, providing more support for the stroke.


Footwork is crucial in badminton, helping you stay agile and maintain balance on the court. 

Try practicing the following basic movements:

  • Split-step: Bouncing lightly on your toes before moving to the shuttlecock, ensuring you’re ready to go in any direction.
  • Side-step: Moving left or right, taking short quick steps
  • Crossover steps: Moving diagonally towards the back of the court, crossing one foot in front of the other.

Remember to maintain a low center of gravity, bending your knees slightly and staying on your toes to increase your agility.

The Swing

The swing is another crucial part of badminton, with most shots involving a forehand or backhand swing. 

The key is to be relaxed and use your wrist for both power and control. 

For the forehand swing, the movement should start from your shoulder, the wrist following through, and your body turning to generate more power.

For the backhand swing, you’ll use your elbow and wrist more, maintaining the same relaxed movement.

Serving Techniques

In badminton, two main serving techniques are used: the low serve and the high serve. 

Low serves are used mostly in doubles to minimize the opponent’s opportunity to attack, while high serves are more common in singles, aiming to push the opponent to the back of the court. 

Remember to use a forehand grip for the low serve and a backhand grip for the high serve. Accuracy and precision are essential.

The Smash

The smash is one of the most powerful shots in badminton, able to generate a lot of speed and make it difficult for your opponent to return. 

To execute a good smash shot, start with a forehand clear, raise your arm behind your head, and use your whole body to generate power, smashing the shuttlecock downwards at a steep angle. 

Timing, body positioning, and racket speed are crucial for a successful smash.

Advanced Techniques

In this section, I will discuss some advanced badminton techniques that can help beginners take their game to the next level. 

These techniques can greatly improve your offensive and defensive capabilities, as well as your overall agility on the court.

Net Shot

The net shot is a useful technique to master, as it is often employed by top players during rallies. 

To perform a net shot, I should aim to hit the shuttlecock as close to the net as possible, making it difficult for my opponent to return. 

It requires good control and precision, so it’s important that I practice this shot regularly.


The lift is an essential defensive technique in badminton. 

When my opponent plays a drop shot or a tight net shot, I can use the lift to send the shuttlecock high and deep into their court. 

This allows me to reset the rally and regain my footing. To execute a lift, I need to generate power from my legs and use a smooth, fluid motion with my racket.

Clear Shot

A clear shot is another vital defensive technique. 

I use this shot to send the shuttlecock deep into my opponent’s court, ideally hitting it with enough power that they have difficulty returning it.

This can help me maintain control of the rally and keep my opponent from attacking.

Jumping Drop Shot

The jumping drop shot is an offensive technique that demonstrates both power and agility. 

In this shot, I leap into the air and hit the shuttlecock at a downward angle, aiming to land it just over the net. 

This can catch my opponent off guard and force them to scramble to return the shot.

Cross Court Drop Shot

The cross-court drop shot is a deceptive, offensive shot where I aim to hit the shuttlecock diagonally across the court. 

This shot can be effective at moving my opponent out of position, creating openings for me to exploit. 

I should practice this shot often to develop accuracy and control.

Jump Smash

The jump smash is one of the most powerful and aggressive shots in badminton. To perform a jump smash, I leap into the air and hit the shuttlecock with maximum force while maintaining control and direction. 

This technique requires strength, speed, and coordination, and it can be highly effective when executed correctly.

As I practice these advanced techniques, I will develop a more versatile and competitive game. 

Remember, mastering these shots takes time and dedication, so it’s important to be patient and keep working on improving my skills.

Rules and Scoring

Basic Rules

In badminton, my main objective is to strike the shuttlecock with my racket so that it lands within my opponent’s designated court area. 

To start the game, I must serve from the correct service area. I must serve diagonally, and the shuttlecock must pass over the short service line on the opponent’s side. 

If a player, their clothing, or their racket touches the net during play, they lose the rally. 

Each time I win a rally, I earn a point.

Scoring System

Badminton matches consist of the best of three games, and each game is played to 21 points. 

Points can be scored in any rally, regardless of who serves. If both players reach 20 points, the winner is the first one to score a two-point lead. 

If the score reaches 29-all, the one who scores the 30th point wins the game.

Here is a summary of some key aspects of the scoring system:

  • A match is best of three games
  • Each game is played to 21 points
  • A two-point lead is necessary if the score reaches 20-all

Singles and Doubles Rules

In both singles and doubles, the court dimensions and rules vary slightly. Here are some of the differences:


  • I use the narrower singles court lines
  • My service area extends from the short service line to the singles long service line
  • After winning a point, I alternate service areas


  • I use the wider doubles court lines
  • My service area extends from the short service line to the doubles long service line
  • My partner and I alternate serving after winning a point, and we switch sides of the court.

In conclusion, understanding the rules and scoring system of badminton is essential for beginners. 

By grasping the basic rules, the scoring system, and the differences between singles and doubles, I can set a strong foundation for learning advanced techniques in the future.

Strategy and Tactics

Offensive Play

In my experience, a strong offensive play can give me an edge during a badminton game. When playing singles, I usually focus on making my opponent move around the court. 

For example, I love to execute a long serve or an attacking clear diagonally, making them exert more effort and energy. 

Speed is crucial, so I make sure to hit the shuttle with a steep trajectory to catch my opponent off guard.

When it comes to doubles, my coach taught me the importance of communication with my partner. One of us usually takes the front position, and the other covers the back.

We strategically switch roles to keep our opponents guessing.

Defensive Play

A solid defensive play can turn the tide of a badminton match. In both singles and doubles, I’ve learned the value of adopting a defensive stance. 

This allows me to react quickly to my opponent’s shots. One key tip that has helped me is to keep my non-racket arm in front for balance and my racket arm ready to respond to any incoming shots.

When faced with a weak shot, I try not to panic. Instead, I take a deep breath, assess the trajectory, and decide whether to try a counter-attack or a defensive clear.

It’s essential to track the speed and direction of the shuttle and to be ready to adjust my position on the court if needed.

Dual Play

Mastering dual play in badminton takes practice and constant improvement. In both singles and doubles, I strive to strike a balance between offensive and defensive plays. 

Adaptability is crucial, as each game and opponent requires a tailored strategy.

In singles, I carefully observe my opponent’s strengths and weaknesses and adjust my gameplay accordingly. 

I always remind myself to use different shots and angles to keep them on their toes.

In doubles, my partner and I communicated our strategy before and during the match. We capitalize on each other’s strengths and cover each other’s weaknesses, which has proven to be an effective strategy in improving our dual play.

Practicing and Improving Skills

As a beginner looking to advance in badminton, I find that incorporating a variety of practice techniques and learning from top players, coaches, and experts is essential for skill improvement.

Tips and Tricks

To improve my badminton skills, I always start by warming up before playing to avoid injuries.

I also focus on developing my stamina, as practicing for longer durations helps me in competitive situations.

Some essential badminton shots I work on are the clear shot and slice.

Practicing these shots improves my gameplay and increases my chances of scoring. 

Since badminton is mostly played indoors, I ensure that I practice in similar conditions to better adapt to various playing environments.

Here are some points I follow to improve my badminton skills:

  • Practice regularly: Dedicate time daily or weekly for badminton practice while gradually increasing game complexity.
  • Work on footwork: Good footwork is crucial in badminton, so I enhance my agility by incorporating drills and exercises.
  • Focus on shots: Concentrate on perfecting essential shots, including net shots, smashes, and drop shots.
  • Build strength and endurance: Work on physical fitness through cross-training and cardio exercises to support my gameplay.

Learning from Top Players

I find it helpful to study the playing styles and techniques of top badminton players. I observe their performances in competitions, focusing on their movement, shot selection, and strategy.

Here are some aspects I use when analyzing top players:

  • Watch and analyze their games
  • Take note of consistency in their shot execution
  • Observe their on-court positioning and footwork
  • Study their match strategies

By incorporating these observations into my practice sessions, I can continually refine my skills and enhance my gameplay.

Seeking Coaching

One of the most effective ways I’ve found to develop advanced badminton skills is through coaching.

I’ve taken lessons from experienced coaches or attended Badminton England’s workshops focused on skill development. 

Coaches can provide personalized guidance and help me identify areas for improvement, making a significant impact on my performance.

In addition to expert coaching, seeking advice from fellow players and friends also helps me refine my skills and enhance my overall enjoyment of the game.

Following these tips and continuously learning from the best can see improvements in my badminton skills, making me a more competitive and well-rounded player.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some essential skills for beginners to master in badminton?

As a beginner, the first thing I focus on is learning the basic techniques. This includes grips, footwork, serving, and strokes (like clears, drops, and smashes). 

Building a strong foundation by practicing these core skills helps improve overall performance in the game.

How can beginners improve footwork and movement on the court?

It is really helpful to work on footwork drills to improve movement around the court. Some exercises include skipping, side-stepping, and ladder drills. It’s essential to maintain a balanced and agile posture while performing these drills. 

I also practice proper split-step techniques to stay nimble and ready for any shot during matches.

What are some effective strategies in doubles play for beginners?

In doubles, I focus on effective communication, coordination, and positioning with my partner. I maintain a front-and-back formation, where one player covers the front and the other covers the rear of the court. 

I also try to master shots like drives and lifts, as they are integral to successful doubles play. 

Knowing when to attack, defend, or clear the shuttle is crucial to implementing successful strategies in doubles.

How can beginners add variety to their shots?

To add variety to my shots, I practice different types of strokes and angles. Making use of cross-court shots, straight shots, and net shots helps to challenge my opponents.

I experiment with various speeds, spins, and trajectories to catch them off-guard and diversify my gameplay.

What are some key serving techniques for beginners in badminton?

Mastering different types of serves is essential for beginners to be successful in matches. Low serves, flick serves, and high serves all have their uses, depending on the situation. 

Practicing the proper grip and stance for each serve, as well as varying the speed and direction, is key to a strong serving game.

How can beginners improve their defense and net play?

To improve my defense and net play, I work on quick reflexes, body positioning, and wrist strength to effectively return shots at the net. 

I also practice footwork and drop shots for a crisp and precise defensive game. 

Understanding my opponent’s style of play and anticipating their moves helps me stay ahead and maintain a strong defense on the court.

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